玩游戏得红包的软件

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佛教造像:云冈、龙门、青州

作者:admin 2020-09-03 我要评论

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佛教在两汉之际由精英阶层传入中国,却最终成为大众宗教,并在南北隋唐达到鼎盛。与此同时,作为佛教文化载体的中国佛教艺术,特别是佛教造像在南北朝时期大放异彩,诞生了举世闻名的敦煌石窟、云冈石窟、龙门石窟和青州龙兴寺佛教造像等艺术精品。公元6世纪,佛教又经由朝鲜进入日本,从而影响了整个东亚地区佛教的发展和佛教艺术的产生。

东魏时期的背屏式佛三尊造像,是典型的北魏晚期秀骨清像式造像,且更能体现出北魏晚期的汉化造像风尚。主佛面相方圆清秀,头身比例协调,身穿褒衣博带式大衣,身材消瘦

 

菩萨头像,北齐,贴金彩绘,高33厘米

 

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云冈石窟与犍陀罗文化

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北魏永安三年的贾淑姿造佛三尊像,面部已经基本看不到北魏传统的秀骨清像特征

 

菩萨立像头像正面,东魏,贴金彩绘

 

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这尊北齐菩萨立像尤能体现青州菩萨造像的高超技艺。青州佛像头部的侧部多是希腊式的高直鼻,菩萨造像则有些是鼻较扁平的中国化面容,此件菩萨侧面体现出外来面目和中国式的结合

 

“秀骨清像”造型风尚的流行

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河南洛阳,龙门石窟(视觉中国供图)

 

来自青州的“东方维纳斯”

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思维菩萨像,北齐,贴金彩绘,高80厘米

 

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